Youth at Risk Development – Hamilton (YARD Hamilton)
Gender: Mixed (male and female)
Number of completed Canadian outcome evaluation studies: In progress
Continuum of intervention: Secondary crime prevention; Tertiary crime prevention
Youth at Risk Development (YARD Hamilton) is a youth gang prevention program implemented by the John Howard Society of Hamilton, Burlington and the neighbouring area in partnership with the Hamilton Police Service, the Hamilton Wentworth District School Board, the Hamilton Wentworth Catholic District School Board, the City of Hamilton, and various community agencies. This program is based on the Gang Reduction ProgramFootnote1 and is designed to prevent gang participation through individual and community strategies.
The program is centered on community mobilization; conflict resolution; counselling and social work; leadership and youth development; skills training; and social emotional learning.
The main goals of YARD Hamilton are to:
- Prevent young people from participating in gang activity or violent crime;
- Have gang involved youth exit from the gang lifestyle; and
- Increase collaboration between organizations and community members for the purpose of gang reduction with the overall goal of reducing youth gang crime and violence.
The appropriate clientele for YARD Hamilton are youth between the ages of 12 and 24 years old who are involved in gangs and the criminal justice system, or are at risk of gang/criminal involvement. YARD Hamilton is also appropriate for youth who have a history of violence.
Participants are referred to YARD Hamilton by family members, justice services, police services, schools, other youth, and various community agencies.
To participate in the program, a youth must be at risk of gang involvement or currently involved in a gang. The youth must also be a Hamilton resident.
YARD Hamilton consists of:
- Prevention: Youth assessed as medium risk attend a 12-week prevention program in individual and group formats for two hours each week, covering topics such as anger management, problem solving, and conflict mediation;
- Intervention: Youth attend a 24-week intensive personal development and intervention program that is delivered in individual and group formats to cover topics such as anger management, social development skills, problem solving, and conflict mediation skills; and
- Re-entry: This stream targets high risk youth and their families immediately following release from an institution to help the individual exit pre-existing affiliations with a gang and successfully transition back to the community.
Some of the critical elements for the implementation of this program or initiative include the following:
- Organizational requirements: The lead organization must have solid skills in outreach and program delivery.
- Partnerships: The success of the YARD Hamilton program depends on its many partnerships with the Hamilton Police Service, the Hamilton Wentworth District School Board, the Hamilton Wentworth Catholic District School Board, and the City of Hamilton.
- Training and technical assistance: Staff must be trained in the Gang Reduction Program approach. Staff must be trained as a youth worker before they are able to administer the YARD Hamilton program.
- Risk assessment tools: Limited information on this topic.
- Materials & resources: Limited information on this topic.
The most recognized classification systems of evidence-based crime prevention programs have classified this program or initiative as follows:
- Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development: Not applicable.
- Crime Solutions/OJJDP Model Program Guide: Not applicable.
- SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices: Not applicable.
- Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy: Not applicable.
Gathering Canadian Knowledge
Canadian Implementation Sites
Public Safety Canada’s National Crime Prevention Strategy provided funding to implement the YARD Hamilton program in Hamilton (Ontario) between 2013 and 2018. The YARD Hamilton program is being implemented by the John Howard Society of Hamilton, Burlington and the neighbouring area.
Main Findings from Canadian Outcome Evaluation Studies
The YARD Hamilton program has been selected for a process and outcome evaluation by Public Safety Canada. As the evaluation is currently in progress, results are not yet available at this time.
No information available.
There is no Canadian reference available at this time.
For more information on this program, contact:
John Howard Society of Hamilton, Burlington and Area
654 Barton Street East
Hamilton, Ontario L8L 3A2
Telephone: (905) 522-4446
Record Entry Date - 2018-03-15
For more information on the OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model, also known as the Gang Reduction Program, refer to the specific program descriptive sheet.
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