Gun and Gang Violence
Firearm-related homicides in Canada have been steadily increasing, reaching a total of 223 in 2016, 44 more than the previous year. Shootings have now become the most common method of homicide, surpassing homicide by stabbing and beating. Gang-related homicides involving guns are no exception. In 2016 alone, police reported 141 gang-related homicides, 45 more than in 2015. Since 2013, gang-related homicides in Canada’s largest cities have almost doubled.
In November 2017, the federal government announced approximately $327.6 million over five years, starting in 2018–19, and $100 million annually thereafter, in new federal funding to tackle the increase in gun related violence and gang activity in Canada. This initiative will bring together federal, provincial and territorial efforts to support community-level prevention and enforcement efforts, build and leverage unique federal expertise and resources to advance intelligence related to the illegal trafficking of firearms, and invest in border security to interdict illicit goods including guns and drugs. Funding would also be provided to Indigenous organizations to help build capacity through education, outreach and research, addressing the unique needs of Indigenous communities and urban populations. The Initiative will help reduce gun and gang violence so that Canadians can feel safe in their communities.
Summit on Gun and Gang Violence
On March 7, 2018, the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada hosted a Summit on Gun and Gang Violence, to engage stakeholders and provide them an opportunity to share challenges, opportunities and best practices in the fight against gun crime and in combatting the deadly effects of guns and gangs in communities across Canada. The Summit was attended in person and via webcast by over 180 experts from law enforcement, Indigenous, youth and community organizations, mayors from large municipalities and representatives from most provinces and territories..
The information shared at the Summit will help identify priority actions needed to collaboratively address gun crime and criminal gang activity and inform the government’s way forward for the Guns and Gangs Program.
View the event (recorded webcast)
- New investments to help end gun and gang violence in Canada
- Video from Minister Goodale on the Gun and Gang Violence Summit
- Minister Goodale Urges Joint Action to Combat Criminal Gun and Gang Violence
- Youth Gang Prevention Fund
- First Nations Organized Crime Initiative
- RCMP - Youth Gangs
- Firearm, drug and tobacco crime
- Organized crime
- Backgrounder: Criminal Gun and Gang Violence in Canada
- Statistics Canada - Homicide in Canada, 2016
- Youth Gangs in Canada: A Review of Current Topics and Issues
- Research Summary: Programme de suivi intensif de Montréal – Gangs de rue [Montreal Intensive Supervision Program – Street Gangs]
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