Corrections and Criminal Justice Policy
Public Safety Canada provides advice and support to the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness on legislation and policies governing corrections and criminal justice, including:
- Strengthening the federal correctional system:
Public Safety Canada is responsible for the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and Regulations, which govern correctional policies and practices, as well as the conditional release of offenders. The Department works with Correctional Service Canada (CSC) to provide a safe and secure environment for staff and inmates, which assists with the rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders, reducing the risk of reoffending and keeping our communities safe. Public Safety Canada participates in the Heads of Corrections (HOC) forum, which provides leadership, vision and direction to initiatives that enhance collaboration between federal, provincial and territorial governments (FPT).
An Act to amend the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and another Act came into force on November 30, 2019, and changes to operations and policies at CSC have taken effect. This new model provides more structured and effective interventions to inmates that will address their specific needs and risks, with the goal of facilitating their reintegration into a mainstream inmate population as soon as possible. It increases mental health services and supports for Indigenous persons. In the spirit of transparency and accountability, the new model will be subject to independent external oversight. Administrative and disciplinary segregation has been eliminated.
- International transfer of offenders:
- Public Safety Canada is responsible for the International Transfer of Offenders Act (ITOA), which governs the transfer of Canadians imprisoned abroad who are seeking to return to Canada as well as foreign offenders in Canada seeking to return to their country of citizenship. The Department provides advice to the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, who is the sole decision-making authority on requests for transfer. CSC is responsible for the implementation of the International Transfers of Offenders.
- Independent oversight of the federal correctional system:
- The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) is mandated to act as ombudsman for offenders in the care and control of CSC and, as such, is a completely independent and autonomous agency. Public Safety Canada acts as the liaison between the OCI and the Minister of Public Safety and Emergence Preparedness. The OCI publicly releases annual and special reports, in which it makes recommendations for improvements to the federal correctional system.
- Record suspensions (formerly known as pardons) and the release of suspended/pardoned criminal records:
Public Safety Canada is responsible for the Criminal Records Act (CRA) and associated regulations, which govern the record suspensions program. It works closely with the Parole Board of Canada (PBC), who administers the program, as well as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), who maintains the National Repository of Criminal Records.
An Act to provide no-cost, expedited record suspensions for simple possession of cannabis came in effect on August 1, 2019, expediting the record suspension process for people convicted only of simple possession of cannabis, eliminating the $644 application fee and the up to 10-year wait period. To learn more about the application process, Canadians can visit Canada.ca/cannabis-record-suspension.
- High risk offenders:
- Public Safety Canada is responsible for the Sex Offenders Information Registration Act and works closely with the RCMP, who administrates the National Sex Offender Registry. In addition, Public Safety Canada engages with provinces and territories on high risk offender matters, including participating in the Coordinating Committee of Senior Official’s High Risk Offender Working Group and administering the National Flagging System Class Grant Program.
- Expungement of historically unjust convictions:
- The Expungement of Historically Unjust Convictions Act allows for the permanent destruction of judicial records of unjust convictions. Learn about the eligibility criteria and how to apply for the expungement of one or more convictions. As the organization responsible for the Act, Public Safety Canada works closely with the PBC, the RCMP, the Department of Justice, and the LGBTQ2 Secretariat within the Privy Council Office.
Learn more about…
- How Public Safety Canada supports community safety and community-based corrections through various programs and services.
- Public Safety Canada’s research on corrections, which helps the Department in making evidence-based decisions.
- Public Safety Canada’s National Office for Victims, which offers information services and referrals to victims of federal offenders and helps answer questions about Canada’s criminal justice system, federal corrections system and conditional release system.
- The Acts and Regulations which fall under the responsibility of the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.
Corrections News Releases
Government to support the safe reintegration of offenders under community supervision during COVID-19
June 9, 2020
Minister Blair responds to inmate death at Mission Institution
April 16, 2020
Minister Blair welcomes the Office of the Correctional Investigator's Annual Report
February 18, 2020
- More Corrections News Releases
Corrections Publications and Reports
- National Victims Roundtable on the Right to Protection in Federal Corrections and Conditional Release
- 2018 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview
- 2017 Corrections and Conditional Release Statistical Overview
- Research Summary: A Meta-analysis of the Effectiveness of Culturally-relevant Treatment for Indigenous Offenders
- How to best predict sexual reoffending among sex offenders
- More Corrections Publications and Reports
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